There is an imminent need to increase public spending on health and medical care in India, K. Srinivasan, former director, International Institute for Population Sciences, said.
It was expected that India would allocate two per cent for health care, but that expectation has not yet been realised. Also, with the increasing trend of public-private partnerships entering health care, it is essential to remember that the government cannot abdicate its responsibility towards providing health services for the citizens.
Dr. Srinivasan was speaking on ‘Health Policies in India – A Review’ at a lecture organised by the Voluntary Health Services, here. While there were no health policies in pre-Independent India, subsequently, the Bhore Committee made several recommendations to prevent communicable diseases, promote health and provide basic health care. This report formed the basis of the Indian public health system that prevails till date.
He also spoke of the global movements towards ‘Right to Health,’ initiated by the Soviet Union. The French Constitution of 1946 ‘guarantees to all… protection of health.’ In 1965-66, the United States declared health a human right. The declaration by the International Conference on Primary health Care held in Alma Ata (USSR) in 1978 declared the goal of global health programs should be “Health for All” by 2000. It called for urgent and effective national and international action to develop and implement primary health care throughout the world and particularly in developing countries.
The National Health Policy (NHP), formulated in 1983, was the first attempt to synthesise recommendations of three important earlier committees, the Bhore Committee of 1946, the Mudaliar Committee of 1962, the Shrivastav Committee of 1975, and the Alma Ata declaration.
The second major policy endeavour is National Health Policy 2002, which followed on the heels of the National Population Policy 2000. Both policies grew in the context of liberalisation and globalisation, Dr. Srinivasan said.
The NRHM implemented across the country since 1995 is another key policy shift that has seen improvements in using public health facilities.
IMPHAL, May 21: Running of the primary health centres at Borobekra under Jiribam Sub-Division of Imphal East district as well as at Tousem under Tame-nglong district, which are lagging far behind in health care sector in comparison to other parts of the State, have been started under Public Private Partnership (PPP) along with entrusting the task to an NGO.
According to an official source, the onus of running the two primary health centres have been taken up by the Bangalore based Karuna Trust with effect from May 1. The initiative has been taken up by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India for the first time in Manipur with an eye on ensuring proper health care services to the people living in remote and backward areas under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM).
The expenses on running the two health centres are to be bore by the Government with funding from NRHM while the required staff are to be appointed by the NGO at its own discretion. In running these two health centres, the NGO would not be charging any fee from the patients, the source explained, adding that the step has been taken up to ensure proper health care service to the people.
Source: The Sangai Express
Imphal, May 23: As a result of the prevailing law and order situation in the state, many people have suffered minor mental illnessness. The rate of prevalence of mental illness is 40% to 50 %, said experts who spoke at a one-day awareness programme on mental health held at Khumbong, Imphal West today.
The awareness programme was organized by the All Manipur Nupi Marup, Konthoujam area under the sponsorship of the Manipur State Mental Health Authority.
Speaking at the programme, Dr RK Kumar, psychiatrist of JNIMS hospital and also member secretary of Manipur State Mental Health Authority expressed concern over the status of the mental health of the people of the trouble torn state where killings, kidnappings, shootings, bomb blasts and harassments are almost daily occurrences, minor mental illnesses are therefore understandably prevalent.
In such a situation, if a mental hospital is not set up and steps are not taken to treat mentally affected people free of cost, the problems could worsen in the days to come, he said.
Considering the importance of improving the mental health condition of the people, the Union ministry of Health & Family Welfare had launched the mental health awareness programme in 1996. However, the same was introduced in Manipur only in 2000.
Since the programme was for a five years period, the same had concluded in 2005 for the state. However, keeping in view of the need for continuation of the programme, the state government re-launched the programme in 2010 in three districts, Imphal East, Imphal West and Thoubal districts, under the aegis of the Manipur Mental Health Authority.
However, due to fund constraince, the programme could not be conducted in a mass scale despite its importance for the state, Dr Kumar further said.
Most of the mental related diseases are hereditary and the illnessness are caused by brain tumors, head injuries and alcoholism, he added.
Speaking as resource person, Dr Tayenjam Surajkumar said that people attribute mental illnesses to supernatural causes but they are actually mostly psychiatric illnesses.
He said that psychiatric problems are due to disorder in parts of the brain which can be treated by doctors. He also said that psychiatric problems can be addressed by implementing and promoting mental care in the primary level.
The opening function of the awareness programme was attended by Sulochana, medical officer Khumbong PHC, Dr Imoba, clinical physiologist and M Sakhi, vice president of All Manipur Nupi Samaj among others.
Source:- Hueyen News Service
Source: The Sangai Express
Aizawl, May 17 2011: Testing on the quality of water in most rivers and community ponds of Manipur has led to the unsurprisng revelation of high content of bacteria.
As part of the Central Pollution Control Board funded National Water Quality Monitoring Programme, Manipur Pollution Control Board set up as many as 70 water testing stations in different parts of the State since last month and conducted the Total Coliform Test on the water collected from rivers and community ponds.
The test results have shown that in every 100 milligram of water the bacteria content ranges from 1000 to 5000 MPN (Most Probable Number) .
Talking to The Sangai Express in this connection, Principal Scientific Officer of Manipur Pollution Control Board, Dr M Gonchandra pointed out that in accordance with the announcement made by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 1984 on the quality of water, the content of bacteria should be less than 4 MPA in every 100 milligram.
But the test result of the water drawn from the rivers and community ponds of Manipur has indicated a high level of bacteria content, which is alarming.
On the possible reasons for the high content of bacteria, Dr Gonchandra explained that it may be due to draining out of untreated domestic solid waste which ultimately landed in the rivers and community ponds, polluting the water in the process.
Leaving the biochemical wastes without proper treatment, construction of latrines along the river banks or releasing the outlets of such latrines into the rivers directly are also other possible factors for high level MPN in river water, Dr Gonchandra said, adding that with rise in the mercury level, the decomposition process of solid wastes becomes faster and this can increase the level of MPN in water.
Pointing out that MPN level with regard to drinking water should be zero, Dr Gonchandra informed that use of water from rivers and community ponds with high bacteria content, either for cooking or drinking purposes and even bathing, without proper treatment may lead to health complications like dysentery, typhoid, etc.
He further disclosed that poisoning of water, have also been detected during tests the conducted under different parameters along with testing up 70 water testing stations at different parts.
The report of the findings would be forwarded to the Central Pollution Control Board for necessary action and remedial measures.
On the other hand, cases of diarrhoea and dysentery among children in the age group of 0 to 13 years over the last one month is reportedly on the rise in Manipur.
In this regard, Child Specialist Dr Th Nabachandra informed The Sangai Express that apart from cold diarrhoea which is common during winter, cases of water borne diseases like diarrhoea and dysentery has been rising among the children of Manipur lately.
New Delhi: India’s flagship National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) has made remarkable progress in strengthening the healthcare delivery system, the government said in its annual report.
In his foreword in the ‘Government of the UPA: Report to the People’, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said there has been a “substantial increase in in-patient and out-patient cases in the public health system, and there is encouraging evidence of increased institutional deliveries.”
The government said nearly 103 lakh deliveries were covered under the Janani Suraksha Yojana — a centrally sponsored scheme aimed at reducing maternal and infant mortality rates and increasing institutional deliveries in below poverty line (BPL) families.
The JSY, which was launched in 2003, covers all pregnant women belonging to households below the poverty line, above 19 years of age and up to two live births.
According to the report, infant mortality rate has dropped to 50 per thousand live births, while 264 high-focus districts have been identified.
During 2010-11, 53,745 additional Village Health and Sanitation Committees were set up taking their number to 4,73,777.
Over 7,957 facility-based Rogi Kalyan Samitis were formed. Over 47,886 Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) were selected and trained, taking their number to eight lakhs.
Further, the total strength of health personnel, including doctors and paramedics, went up to nearly 1.39 lakhs by December, 2010, the report claimed.
There has been a reduction in the mortality due to malaria, kala-azar and dengue, as well as reduction in the incidence of filarial infection.
The prevalence rate and death rate due to tuberculosis declined significantly in 2010, and the country is on track towards reaching the tuberculosis related Millennium Development Goal by the year 2015, said the report.
“All disease control programmes have also shown substantial improvement,” Singh said, adding, “Progress in AIDS control and care is also encouraging, with the annual new HIV infections in India having declined by more than 50 per cent in the last decade.”
As of March 2011, prevention of HIV among high risk groups, through targeted intervention, which is the main strategy under the National AIDS Control Programme Phase-III, has been scaled up over the years to 1,447 projects, the report added.
Medical Directorate clarifies
IMPHAL, May 16: Directorate of Medical and Health Services has clarified that no candidate who does not attain the interview has been included in the DPC results of Senior DOTs Plus TB HIV Supervisor.
An official statement said, according to 200 point based roster published in the State
Gazette, six General candidates, two ST candidate and one Meitei OBC candidate have been appointed.
The two ST candidates have been posted at Churachandpur and Tamenglong, while six
General candidates have been sent to Imphal West, Imphal East, Thoubal, Bishnupur, Chandel and Ukhrul and OBC Meitei candidate to Senapati. Reiterating that no irregularity was there in the said interview, the Directorate said that related facts can be verified at Manipur State TB Society, Lamphel.
The Directorate also urged the Senapati District Students’ Association to call off its