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NHRM made progress in improving healthcare: UPA report

New Delhi: India’s flagship National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) has made remarkable progress in strengthening the healthcare delivery system, the government said in its annual report.

In his foreword in the ‘Government of the UPA: Report to the People’, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said there has been a “substantial increase in in-patient and out-patient cases in the public health system, and there is encouraging evidence of increased institutional deliveries.”

The government said nearly 103 lakh deliveries were covered under the Janani Suraksha Yojana — a centrally sponsored scheme aimed at reducing maternal and infant mortality rates and increasing institutional deliveries in below poverty line (BPL) families.

The JSY, which was launched in 2003, covers all pregnant women belonging to households below the poverty line, above 19 years of age and up to two live births.

According to the report, infant mortality rate has dropped to 50 per thousand live births, while 264 high-focus districts have been identified.

During 2010-11, 53,745 additional Village Health and Sanitation Committees were set up taking their number to 4,73,777.

Over 7,957 facility-based Rogi Kalyan Samitis were formed. Over 47,886 Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) were selected and trained, taking their number to eight lakhs.

Further, the total strength of health personnel, including doctors and paramedics, went up to nearly 1.39 lakhs by December, 2010, the report claimed.

There has been a reduction in the mortality due to malaria, kala-azar and dengue, as well as reduction in the incidence of filarial infection.

The prevalence rate and death rate due to tuberculosis declined significantly in 2010, and the country is on track towards reaching the tuberculosis related Millennium Development Goal by the year 2015, said the report.

“All disease control programmes have also shown substantial improvement,” Singh said, adding, “Progress in AIDS control and care is also encouraging, with the annual new HIV infections in India having declined by more than 50 per cent in the last decade.”

As of March 2011, prevention of HIV among high risk groups, through targeted intervention, which is the main strategy under the National AIDS Control Programme Phase-III, has been scaled up over the years to 1,447 projects, the report added.


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